Issue

Joint Employer

Local franchise owners take great pride in running their businesses, contributing to their communities, and providing employment and training to more than 8.1 million employees across the U.S.


In 2015, the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) issued a decision in Browning-Ferris Industries of California, Inc. (BFI), which overruled more than thirty years of bipartisan employment law precedent. The NLRB replaced the predictable and clear “direct and immediate control” standard for determining joint employer status with a vague test based on “indirect” and even “unexercised” control over workers’ terms and conditions of employment. The decision exposed franchise businesses to workplace liability for another employer’s actions and workers.

As a result of the BFI decision, franchise businesses face higher operational costs, decreased business values, less compliance and training assistance from franchisors, less growth, and curtailed job creation. 

For many franchisees, an expanded joint employer standard led to increased costs, less equity, and less support from their brands. In fact, according to IFA research, the expanded joint employer standard has cost franchise businesses $33.3 billion per year, resulted in 376,000 lost job opportunities, and led to 93% more lawsuits.

Joint Employer Facts

For more information on joint employer, please visit jointemployerfacts.com.

IFA engages with Congress and regulatory agencies such as the NLRB, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), and the Department of Labor to address the joint employer standard.

If you would like to get involved, please become a part of the Franchise Action Network and help protect small businesses across America.